The administrations of South Sumatra (South Sumatra) and Palembang have made substantial efforts to develop tourism along the Musi River over the course of the past decade. These efforts may be seen in South Sumatra. There are a great deal of visitors who come to the city that is the oldest in the archipelago simply to take in the scenery of the river. The vast majority of individuals were dissatisfied as a result of the fact that they uncovered evidence of air pollution in the second longest river in Indonesia.
Many travelers from Jakarta have discovered in the past that taking a ketek boat, which is a type of powered boat, is the most expedient way to travel from Benteng Kuto Besak Pier to Kemaro Island in order to get ready for the 2014 Cap Go Meh event. Ketek boats are known for their speed and maneuverability. They were instructed to immediately cover their mouths and noses with their hands as they moved in the direction of the PT Pupuk Sriwidjaja (Pusri) factory. This order was given as they approached the building. They were struck by the pungently putrid stink of urine in the room. It is bothersome to both of my eyes. It would indicate that Pusri is capable of producing ammonia of a high quality (NH3).
A factory known as Pusri is responsible for the production of urea fertilizer. The oldest industry in Southeast Asia dates back to the 19th century and produces fertilizer using ammonia as a raw material. The factory also produces ammonia for its own usage. The Pusri process, which involves the subtraction of oxygen, the incorporation of water, and the utilization of natural gas, also results in the production of ammonia as a waste product.
Residents of the territory surrounding Pusri, particularly those living in Kalidoni, Sei-Selincah, 1 Ilir, Sei-Buah, and the region of Plaju, have been complaining about the terrible smell of ammonia for a significant amount of time now. It was reported that Salim, a resident of 1 Ilir, said, “Ever since I was a youngster, I’ve become accustomed to smelling ammonia from Pusri.”
“As a matter of fact, there were instances when we caught fish in the Musi River that gave off the appearance of being intoxicated, and he explained that this was due to the presence of waste ammonia in the river. Now you won’t find it very often, and the scent isn’t something you smell every day.”
Residents of the area responded to this pollution by staging various demonstrations in their neighborhoods. However, this demonstration does not provide a solution for residents to be free from ammonia pollution. The only option available to them other than relocation is to abandon the area entirely. Only by improving the waste disposal system and increasing the quantity of green open space (RTH) that surrounds the facility is Pusri seeking to reduce the amount of ammonia pollution that is released into the environment. This will serve as a barrier between the plant and residential communities in the surrounding area.
The company will pay for any necessary medical treatment or expenses in the case that ammonia pollution causes irritation to the respiratory tract, eyes, or skin, in addition to lowering the body’s immunity. In this scenario, the company will also pay for any necessary medical expenses.
The Manufacturing Plant Will Relocate
It is not an unreasonable viewpoint to believe that Pusri ought to move, and some people hold that perspective. According to Zin Ismed, who serves as the Secretary of PT Pusri Palembang, doing so was not a simple process.
According to him, the action that Pusri intends to take must have the complete support of the government in addition to the availability of raw materials such as natural gas. In this context, the question being raised is whether or not the relocation will have a significant impact on the community that is now situated around Pusri. They are able to make a livelihood off of the activities of Pusri as it is right now, either as employees or as laborers in the activities.
Since quite some time ago, rumors started flying around about the possibility of moving the Pusri manufacturing to a new location. One of these endeavors is the development project for the Tanjung Api-Api port. We never lack for preparation, but ultimately everything is up to the administration’s judgment.
In order to get rid of this ammonia pollution, Pusri built four PGRUs, which is an abbreviation for purge gas recovery unit. It reclaims the ammonia that has been released into the atmosphere so that the gas can be reintroduced as a component of the raw materials that are used in the manufacturing of fertilizer. The cost of ammonia is relatively expensive. Pusri suffers a loss as a result of the spilled ammonia because it must now bear additional expenditures associated with production. As a result, the purpose of the PGRU is to reabsorb the ammonia that was accidentally discharged.
Residents who traveled around the plant by crossing the Musi River and reporting sensing the presence of ammonia contamination in the air. According to Ismed, this occurred as a result of the fact that three out of the four industries that were under Pusri’s supervision continued to make use of antiquated machinery that was harmful to the environment. The job that PGRU does is not at its best.
“Therefore, the solution is to replace three plants with an average age of more than thirty years with factories that utilize cutting-edge technology and are beneficial to the environment. Pusri keeps trying. According to Ismed, the operation will be carried out in stages as a result of the fact that the cost of outfitting each facility with new environmentally friendly technologies will exceed IDR 6-7 trillion for each individual unit.
It is imperative that the music business not get engaged.
Not only does ammonia from Pusri contribute to the air pollution in the Musi River, but it is also suspected of being a factor to climate change. This is due to the fact that ammonia is a potent greenhouse gas. On the outskirts of Palembang, in a region where the Musi River can still be seen flowing, the primary contributors to air pollution are the operations of rubber and coal processing companies. These factories may be found in an area where the river still flows. Consider the circumstances surrounding Ki Marogan, Gandus, Plaju, and Musi II, for example.
“The activities that take place at the coal wharf in Ki Marogan also generate air pollution, which turns the dust in the air black. This is quite distressing for the community that resides in the nearby area as well as for those who cross the Musi River. According to Hadi Jatmiko, the Executive Director of Walhi Sumsel, rubber processing factories are a major source to air pollution. This is the opinion of the director of the organization.
Because of this, the government ought to have placed restrictions on a variety of industrial activities that may be carried out on the Musi River.
It is important to encourage Pusri to relocate away from the Musi River. Along the banks of the Musi River, you should not provide any permits for various types of industrial activity such as coal mining or the collection of rubber. This will lead to a decline in the quality of the water as well as an increase in the amount of pollution in the air.
Hadi issued a warning that in the event that this behavior persists, not only will the tourism initiative along the Musi River be thwarted, but also the source of pure water for the people who live in Palembang will be jeopardized. Since the water that originates from the Musi River is clean, the vast majority of people who make their home in Palembang rely on it for their drinking needs. Either on a direct basis or indirectly through the water corporation, which also draws it from here,” “either on a direct basis or indirectly through the water corporation.”